The Purple Heart medal awarded from its creation in 1932 until the beginning of World War II was unique when compared to those of later years. For instance, the medal was awarded to Army personnel who were wounded in action or who had been awarded the "Meritorious Services Citation Certificate" for service in World War I. Only Army personnel were eligible for the Purple Heart before World War II with the exception of those serving in units attached to the U.S. Army, such as the two U.S. Marine regiments attached to the Army's 2nd Infantry Division in World War I. Any surviving veteran who meet the criteria could apply to the War Department for the Purple Heart and would receive a medal engraved with their name on the reverse. While the majority of the 75,000 Purple Heart medals issued before 1941 were awarded to World War I veterans, Purple Hearts were awarded to veterans of earlier U.S. wars, including about two-dozen surviving Union veterans of the Civil War. Below are the stories of several decorated American veterans who received the Purple Heart for wounds received in World War I and before.
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Sgt. Bradford's Purple Heart medal.
Sgt. Henry T. Bradford, Company F, 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment. Wounded in Action on 1 July 1898 at the Battle of San Juan Hill, Cuba during the Santiago Campaign when he was shot in the chest with the bullet exiting his back. Born on 18 November 1872 in Pendleton County, Kentucky, he enlisted in the Army on 4 May 1897 and was discharged on 22 January 1899 because of his wounds.
Sgt. Bradford was wounded in one of the most famous battles in American history. The Battle of San Juan Hill has been immortalized by the actions of future President Teddy Roosevelt's "Rough Riders." The 6th U.S. Infantry was part of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division when it landed in Cuba. The 1st Division began moving towards San Juan Hill at 4:45 AM on 1 July 1898 and by 10 AM the entire Division crossed the Aguadores River under heavy Spanish Mauser fire at "Bloody Ford." The Division lost almost 100 men at this point.
The 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment began an unsupported attack from the South-East of the Spanish positions on San Juan Hill. The Regiment took up a firing line about 400 yards from the Spanish positions and remained unsupported for over an hour before the 16th U.S. Infantry deployed on their left flank. Spanish fire was so heavy that the U.S. 3rd Brigade, which was attempting to move behind the 6th Infantry Regiment and deploy further to the left, lost 3 commander before they were finally able to get on line.
During this time, the 6th U.S. Infantry continued to fire steadily on the Spanish positions. Companies E and F, where Sgt. Bradford served, were sent forward as skirmishers, only to be driven back. With the U.S. attack plan in tatters, the Commanders decided to attack rather then withdraw. Lt. Jules Ord volunteered to lead the attack and Company A, of the 6th Infantry suddenly surged forward while the other Companies were attempting to reform. With the company commanders screaming for the men to move forward, the regulars of the 6th and 16th U.S. Infantry Regiments ran across the open field at the base of San Juan Hill. The men of the two regiments became intermingled and then mixed the men from the 13th Infantry Regiment attacking from farther to the left. The heat was so great that many men collapsed from heat stroke as they moved up the slope. At around 1:15 PM, the regulars tore at the Spanish barbed wire with their hands and fell into the Spanish trenches, fighting hand to hand. Most of the Spanish fell back in good order, but about 3 dozen stubbornly defended the Block House on the top of the hill. Men from the 6th, 13th and 16th Regiments, climbed onto the roof and broke through the roof tiles with their rifles before 15 of them jumped into the Block House and fought hand to hand with the remaining Spanish defenders. At the end of the battle, the 6th U.S. Infantry Regiment had suffered 105 wounded and 17 killed of its original 464 officers and men.
Sgt. Bradford received his Purple Heart on 27 June 1939. He died on 11 December 1952 and is buried at the Rose Hill Burial Park, Hamilton, Ohio.
Sgt. Bradford's headstone at the Rose Hill Burial Park, Hamilton, Ohio.
(Photo courtesy of JRD at www.findagrave.com.)
Sgt. Hendrickson's Purple Heart.
|Sgt. Benjamin Hendrickson, 34th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Wounded in Action on 4 December 1899 in the Battle of Tangadan Pass, North Luzon, Philippine Islands, Philippine Insurrection. Born on 8 July 1873, he entered the service on 2 July 1898 from Denmark, Wisconsin.|
Sgt. Hendrickson served two tours in the military during the Spanish-American War. On his first tour, he served in Company A, 15th Volunteer Minnesota Infantry from 2 July 1898 to 14 July 1899. He then re-enlisted in the 34th Infantry, U.S. Volunteers and served from 27 March 1899 to 18 April 1901.
As a member of the 34th Infantry, Sgt. Hendrickson deployed to the Philippines to put down the Philippine Insurrection. He took part in one of the most famous engagements of the war and helped rescue 22 U.S. prisoners of war who were being held by Insurgent General Tinio and were under constant threat of death.
Sgt. Hendrickson was wounded in the decisive battle of the rescue mission, the Battle of Tangadan Pass. On 4 December 1899, US forces were pursuing Filipino Insurgents in the heavily wooded and mountainous region of northern Luzon. the Insurgents held concealed positions overlooking the only pass. Faced with a highly dangerous frontal assault, the outnumbered American split their forces and sent 80 men under Lt. Pennon a flanking maneuver through the mountains. By the end of the day, they surprised the Insurgents with volleys of rifle fire into their exposed positions. Combined with a frontal assault, the Americans carried the position and unhinged the Insurgent's last line of defense with two men killed and thirteen wounded, among them Sgt. Hendrickson.
For his actions, Sgt. Hendrickson received the Silver Star. His citation reads:
" For gallantry in action in the pursuit of superior forces of the enemy under the Insurgent General Tinio in Northern Luzon, Philippine Islands. December 4-18, 1899 through a most dangerous and difficult country, through hardships and exposure, thereby assisting in the liberation of 22 American prisoners December 18, 1899."
He received his Purple Heart on 31 May 1934 and died on 2 March 1951 at the age of 72. He is buried at Trinity Lutheran Cemetery, Denmark, Wisconsin.
Pfc. Gonia's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Wilfred L. Gonia, 2052562, Company K, 339th Infantry Regiment., "Polar Bears." Wounded in Action on 3 November 1918 near Kodish, Russia. Born on 20 April 1890, he entered the service on 29 May 1918 from River Rouge, Michigan.|
Pvt. Gonia served in North Russia during the Russian Civil War. Following the Russian Revolution, and Russia leaving World War I, the United States sent 5,000 American soldiers to Northern Russia and 8,000 to Vladivostok in the east, in an effort to overthrow the Bolsheviks and reopen the eastern front against Germany. Following the Armistice, U.S. troops remained in Russia and fought on the side of the White Army in the Russian Civil War. They remained until 1920.
While in Russia, Pvt. Gonia participated in the Seletsku Defensive and the First Battle of Kodish. In November 1918, Company K was positioned along the road from Kodish to Avda, located about 20 miles to the southwest. On 3 November, the Bolsheviks heavily shelled American positions at a strongpoint at Verst 17. Four Americans were wounded in the bombardment of which Pvt. Gonia almost certainly was one.
According to his discharge paperwork, Pvt. Gonia served in Russia from 22 July 1918 to 12 July 1919. He was discharged from the Army on 19 July 1919.
Following his service, Pvt. Gonia married on 21 April 1932 at the age of 41. He never had children.
He received his Purple Heart on 6 October 1932 and died on 27 February 1943 at the age of 52. He is buried at the Holy Cross Cemetery in River Rouge, Michigan.
|Pfc. Altizer's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.||Pfc. Robert C. Altizer. 1558779, Company D, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 4 October 1918. |
Born on 10 March 1895, Pfc. Altizer enlisted in the West Virginia National Guard on 27 June 1915 from Bluefield, West Virginia. He was promoted on 5 January 1917 and served overseas from 12 June to 12 December 1918. He was assigned to Company D, 7th Infantry regiment on 8 July 1918 and participated in the Marne and Meuse-Argonne Campaigns before being wounded in 4 October 1918.
During the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Pfc. Altizer's 3rd Infantry Division was assigned to V Corps. Their initial assignment was to capture the Romagne Heights, which was the central strongpoint of the German's main line of defense, the Kriemhilde Stellung. The 3rd Infantry Division relieved the U.S. 37th and 79th Infantry Divisions on the front lines on 1 October 1918. They encountered constant German shelling with poison gas clouds floating and drifting everywhere along the front. German aircraft controlled the air, strafing an directing artillery onto the American infantrymen.
Pfc. Altizer and his comrades endured this until 4 October, when they advanced on the Romagne Heights, over two miles away. The 7th Infantry regiment was on the left side of the advance and had to cross several rolling hill, then a ravine, climb the slopes of Hill 253, capturing the trenches on top, before crossing a mile of open ground to reach the Mamelle Trench - the main German defense on Romagne Heights. All of this had to be accomplished under constant German artillery and machinegun fire. The 7th Infantry jumped off late and was immediately pounded by artillery fire. U.S. artillery fired smoke rounds to conceal the advance of the Doughboys, but the smoke hung in seperate clouds, which the German gunners used as range markers to increase the deadly effect of their shells. The infantry formation quickly fell apart and suffered horrendous losses. By late afternoon, they had only advanced to the ravine below Hill 253, still less than a mile ahead. At 4 PM the Doughboys tried to capture the hill but were forced back into the ravine after a few minutes.
It was during this day's action that Pfc. Altizer was wounded. While his records are unclear, he may not have received medical care for two full days. This, sadly, was common during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive because of the massive numbers of U.S. casualties which overwhelmed the medical system.
Pfc. Altizer received his Purple Heart on 7 August 1936. He died on 9 December 1945 of heart failure at the age of 50 years old. He is buried at the Monte Vista Cemetery, Bluefield, West Virginia. His grave does not have a marker.
Pvt. Bailey's Purple Heart, Victory Medal, Mexican Border Service Medal and Pennsylvania Mexican Border Service Medal.
|Pvt. James A. Bailey, 2667944, Company A, 148th Infantry Regiment, 37th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 2 September and 28 September 1918 by gas. Born on 24 November 1894, he entered the service as a member of the Pennsylvania National Guard on 24 June 1916 from Tower City, Pennsylvania.|
Pvt. Bailey began his military career as a member of the Pennsylvania National Guard on 24 June 1916. He served in Company G, 4th Pennsylvania Infantry. He served on the Mexican Border from 8 July 1916 to 15 January 1917 after which he received the Mexican Border Service Medal and the Pennsylvania Mexican Service Medal. He was discharged from the National Guard on 23 January 1918.
Pvt. Bailey joined the Army on 10 June 1918 and served in Company A, 148th Infantry Regiment, 37th Infantry Division during World War I. He was wounded by gas on 2 September 1918 and, according to some records, again on 28 September 1918. Both wounds were reportedly by gas. He was discharged from the Army on 23 May 1919.
He received his Purple Heart on 5 May 1933 only for the wound on 2 September 1918. He died on 26 June 1963 of a heart attack in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania at the age of 68. He is buried at Greenwood Cemetery, Tower City, Pennsylvania.
Corp. Bleger's Purple Heart.
|Corp. Floyd A. Bleger, 122608, 95th Company, 1st Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, U.S.M.C. Wounded in Action on 19 July 1918 at Soissons, France. Born on 18 July 1896, he entered the service on 13 June 1917 from Kansas. |
Corporal Bleger joined the Marine Corps in June 1917 and completed Boot Camp at Paris Island. He served in the 6th Marine Regiment in France and participated in the following operations: Toulon Sector, 18 March to 13 May 1918; Aisne Operations, 1 June to 5 June 1918; Chateau Thierry Sector (Belleau Wood), 6 June to 16 July 1918; Aisne-Marne Offensive from 18 June to 19 July 1918; St. Mihiel Offensive from 12 September to 16 September 1918; Champagne Offensive (Blanc Mont) from 29 September to 10 October 1918; Meuse-Argonne Offensive from 25 October to 11 November 1918. He also participated in the March to the Rhine and the Occupation of the Coblenz Bridgehead following the signing of the Armistice.
Corp. Bleger was wounded on 19 July 1918 on the second day of the Soissons counter-attack. His wound must have been severe as he was sent to the SOS Hospital on 29 July to 24 August 1918. Upon returning to duty, Corp. Bleger was assigned to the regimental band as part of HQ Company, 6th Marine Regiment.
Upon his discharge from the Marine Corps, Corp. Bleger attended Kansas State Agricultural University where he participated in the band as a baritone.
He received his Purple Heart on 26 January 1942. He died on 2 December 1969 and is buried at the Stafford Cemetery in Stafford, Kansas.
Floyd Bleger in 1923 while at Kansas State Agricultural University.
Corp. Bleger's headstone at the Stafford Cemetery, Stafford, Kansas.
(Photo courtesy of Joe Gibbens.)
Sgt. Brosnan's Purple Heart, Cuban Pacification Medal and Victory Medal.
|1st Sgt. Jeremiah Brosnan, R-1100395, Company B, 20th Machine Gun Battalion, 7th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 14/15 October 1918. Born on 1 December 1883 in Ireland, he apparently was Regular Army and served a full career. |
Research shows that 1st Sgt. Brosnan served in World War I and at least at the beginning of World War II. It appears that he also served in the U.S. Army for some time before World War I.
During World War I, he served in Company B, 20th Machine Gun Battalion. He was transferred to this unit on 1 January 1918 as a corps of officers and sergeants from the 55th Infantry Regiment. He was one of the three original 1st Sergeants in the Battalion. After several months of training at Camp MacArthur in Texas, the Battalion boarded the U.S.S. Leviathan at Hoboken, New Jersey for the trip across the Atlantic, where the men were packed aboard with only 18 inches between bunks. The ship set sail on the afternoon of 3 August 1918. They arrived at Brest, France on 11 August.
The 20th Machine Gun Battalion moved into the line in the Puvenelle Sector on 10 October 1918, relieving a brigade of the 90th Infantry Division. 1st Sgt. Brosnan and his Company B were assigned to support the 3rd Battalion, 55th Infantry Regiment. They were assigned to an area known as "Death Valley" near Villers-sous-Preny. On 12 October, the Germans noticed that a relief had taken place on the American lines and began a barrage of gas and artillery. This began a series of artillery duels, and patrol and raiding parties which lasted several day. On 14 October, Company B reported 15 casualties, mostly from gas attacks. According to the official history of the 20th Machine Gun Battalion, 1st. Sgt. Brosnan was wounded by mustard gas on this day. It is unclear if 1st Sgt. Brosnan remained on the line, or was evacuated to a hospital following his wound, but his Company was removed from the line on 18 October, and returned to the line at Bois du Four on 1 November. The rest of the war was marked by advances and light engagements.
1st Sgt. Brosnan apparently remained in the Army following World War I, despite the lean and difficult years for the military caused by isolationism. By 1938, when he was awarded his Purple Heart medal, he was listed as a PFC in Company M, 12th Infantry Regiment. The reduction in rank probably indicates that stayed in the Army during the major post-war reductions in strength. It was not uncommon for regular soldiers to be reduced in rank so that they could remain in the service.
He received his Purple Heart on 7 April 1938. He died on 28 September 1954 as a resident of the Old Soldier's Home and is buried in the Old Soldier's National Cemetery in Washington, DC. He was 71 years old.
Sgt. Brosnan's headstone at the Old Soldier's National Cemetery.
Cpl. Cassedy's Medals.
Cpl. Cassedy's Purple Heart Medal.
|Cpl. William E. Cassedy, 1785481, Company I, 315th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 29 September 1918 when he was hit in the chest and right hip by shrapnel. Born on 19 October 1886, he entered the service on 7 December 1917 from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at 31 years of age. Before entering the service, he worked as a Trolley Conductor. |
The men of 3rd battalion, 315th Infantry Regiment began preparing for war at "Camp Meade," Maryland (now Fort Meade) from April 1918 until they departed by train on 7 July 1918 to board a troop ship destined from France. A cheering crowd saw the soldiers off from the train station on 7 July 1918. They traveled by train to Hoboken, New Jersey where they boarded the former Hamburg-American liner "Amerika," renamed the "America" which was then the third largest U.S. transport ship. The America dropped anchor in Brest, France nine days later on 18 July, 1918.
The 315th Infantry Regiment spent the next six weeks training in the Tenth Training Area, before moving to the front on 8 September 1918 . the journey lasted several days with the regiment finally taking it place in the trenches on 13 September 1918. There section of the line was located 9 miles northwest of Verdun. The skulls and bones of those killed in the brutal fighting of 1916 through 1918 were still openly lying on the ground when Cpl. Cassedy's unit took up their positions.
Opposite the 315th Infantry Regiment were the German lines and the nearly obliterated villages of Haucourt and Malancourt. The Germans had spent almost four years creating a strong defense that was 11 miles deep. This sector of the line had become a fairly quite sector of the line, with French troops nicknaming it the "Tres-Bon" Sector. This was about to change as the Allies began preparing for an offensive in this sector on 18 September. On 26 September, the men of the 79th Infantry Division went "over the top" as part of the leading elements of the attack following a six hour artillery barrage.
The 315th Infantry Regiment replaced the shattered 313th and 314th Infantry Regiments on 27 September and continued to advance against heavy German opposition. They pasted wounded Doughboys who laid in the mud for over 80 hours before being gathered by the medics and sent to the rear. On 28 September, the 315th Infantry attacked the village of Nantillois, one mile ahead across an open valley. The Germans held their fire until the Americans reached the ridge just south of the village before unleashing, what one soldier called, "the most hellish machinegun and artillery fore of the entire Argonne fight." Forty percent of the soldiers in the 315th were hit by the time they captured Nantillois at 11 AM. The survivors continued to advance a further half-mile to Hill 274 which marked the first outpost of the main German defensive line - the Kriemhilde Stellung. German defense in this heavily wooded area, had been untouched by American artillery, and the advancing Doughboys would have no artillery cover during the attack. The attack started at 4:30 PM and was quickly repulsed with the Doughboys leaving 400 wounded and dead on the field. Reserves were brought up and the Doughboys attacked again at 6 PM. They were also repelled and spent the cold, rainy night listening to the cries of the wounded as Germans constantly shelled and gassed the American positions. The soldiers renamed Hill 274, "Suicide Hill."
On 29 September, the 315th Infantry was ordered to attack again even though they had had no food or water since the 27th. The 7 AM attack was smashed from the flanks as Germans fired into them from the woods and the Madeleine Farm. The Doughboys were pushed back to Hill 274. The 315th Infantry "practically imploded" during these attacks, according to historian Edward Lengel. U.S. artillerymen found so many 79th Infantry Division corpses on Hill 274, that "some had to be dragged away to make a path through which ammunition could be brought to the guns without driving over the bodies." Cpl. Cassedy was hit by shrapnel from an artillery shell in his chest and right hip on this day. He was evacuated and spent a long period of time in the hospital, with is discharge from the Army being granted on 15 October 1920 at Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D.C. It is not yet known if he had remained in the hospital for two years or was stationed there following his recovery.
William "Ed" Cassedy went on to a distinguished career in the Uniformed Secret Service working at the U.S. Mint from March 1930 until he retired in October 1949 as a Lieutenant. He eventually moved with his wife to Homestead, Florida where he died on 4 August 1963 at the age of 76.
He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia on 8 August 1964. The condolence book from his funeral has over 15 pages of signatures from people who came to pay their last respects. He received his Purple Heart on 4 August 1932.
Cpl. Cassedy in uniform in the 1930s.
William Cassedy in 1949.
William Cassedy's headstone at Arlington National Cemetery.
Pfc. Chidester's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Lyle V. Chidester, 2263950, Company F, 363rd Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 2 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 30 March 1896, he entered the service from Stockton, California. |
Pfc. Chidester took part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive from 26 September to 4 October 1918. It was during this time that Pfc. Chidester was wounded. After advancing in heavy combat for 5 days, the 363rd Infantry Regiment paused on 30 September to evacuate wounded and receive supplies. Many men were exposed to German artillery fire using topless shell holes for cover. They remained in these positions through 2 October,, when Pfc. Chidester was reported to be wounded. It is not know if 2 October is the actual date of his wounding (which is the most likely occurrence) or if this is the date he was able to report to the medical detachment for treatment. Many wounded from the 91st Infantry Division had to wait several days in captured enemy dugouts or destroyed homes, before finally being evacuated. It is also not known if Pfc. Chidester was able to return to the line immediately or if he was sent back to hospital. He was finally discharged from the army on 26 April 1919.
He died on 5 July 1941 at the age of 45 and is buried at the Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, California. He received his Purple Heart on 13 April 1940.
Pfc. Chidester's headstone at the Golden Gate National Cemetery.
Pvt. Cochran's Purple Heart medal, Victory medal and VFW medal.
Pvt. Cochran's World War I uniform and overseas hat.
|Pvt. Max E. Cochran, 111124, Machine Gun Company, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 18 July 1918 in the Battle of Soissons, France. Born on 9 January 1892, he entered the service from Ipswich, South Dakota. |
He died on 2 February 1967 in Buffalo, Wyoming, where he had been living since after the war. He is buried at the Willow Grove Cemetery, Buffalo, Wyoming. He received his Purple Heart on 22 June 1933. Although records indicate that he was awarded a Citation for Gallantry for actions during World War I (General Order 5, 1st Infantry Brigade on 1 June 1919), no records could be found that he actually applied for and received the Silver Star medal after 1932.
Pvt. Cochran's headstone at Willow Grove Cemetery, Buffalo, Wyoming.
(Photo courtesy of Deb Hicks, www.findagrave.com.)
Pvt. Colteryahn's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Edward T. Colteryahn, 2663811, Company M, 320th Infantry Regiment, 80th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 11 October 1918 by a gun shot wound to his left wrist. Born on 1 April 1894, he entered the service on 1 April 1918 from Oakmont, Pennsylvania. |
Pvt. Colteryahn served overseas from 10 June 1918 until 7 March 1919. He fought at Bethincourt and the Meuse River during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The 320th Infantry Regiment fought during the entire Meuse-Argonne Offensive, leading the assault on Bethincourt along with the 319th Infantry Regiment on 26 September 1918. The American infantry advanced toward the town, which had been flattened. The Germans melted away until the early morning fog lifted from the battlefield and then they opened fire on the Doughboys with machineguns, artillery and strafing airplanes. The 80th Infantry Division advanced 4 miles by dusk, and had already not sleep for over 60 hours. The 80th Infantry Division continued to advance on 27 and 28 September, advancing to the Bois de la Cote Lemont without major problems. Fighting picked up in the woods of La Cote Lemont and by 4 October, the 80th Infantry Division had suffered 1,824 casualties between 4 and 10 October. German gas was so heavy that the Americans had to wear gas masks almost the entire time, even while sleeping.
On 11 October, the 320th Infantry Regiment prepared for a 7 AM attack against the German defenses. At that moment, a German counter barrage hit the regiment and "butchered the Doughboys until the dead lay in heaps." The 319th Infantry shattered so badly that cooks, clerks and quartermasters had to pick up a rifle and hold the line. Pvt. Colteryahn was shot in his left wrist during this day. His records are unclear, but its possible that he did not receive medical care until 13 October.
After the war, he loved to Bethel Park, Pennsylvania and was the owner of the Dairy Supply and Equipment Company of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. he was an active member of the Bethel Park Loins and Masonic Veterans.
He received his Purple Heart on 3 April 1944. He died in 16 October 1975 in Bethel Park, Pennsylvania at the age of 81. he was survived by his wife Dorothy and a stepson.
Edward Colteryahn's headstone at Bethel Cemetery, Bethel Park, PA.
(Photo courtesy of Bettie Morrow.)
Pvt. Conway's Purple Heart, Victory Medal and French Verdun Medal.
|Pvt. Frederick J. Conway, 59668, Company A, 101st Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 26 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 2 November 1897, he entered the service on 25 July 1917 from Charleston, Massachusetts. |
Pvt. Conway appears to have never fully recovered from his wounds. He is listed as a resident of the US National Homes for the Disabled in 1927, 1928 and in the 1930 Census. In 1927, he was living in Leavenworth, Kansas and by 1928, he was in California. In all forms, he is listed as suffering from tuberculosis.
He received his Purple Heart on 24 May 1932. He died on 19 March 1975 at age 77. He is buried at the Golden Gate National Cemetery in San Francisco, California.
Pvt. Conway's headstone at the Golden Gate National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Findagrave.com.)
Pfc. Curran's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pfc. Joseph Curran, 3107968, Company B, 314th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 29 September 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 26 April 1890, he entered the service on 27 May 1918 from Shamokin, Pennsylvania.|
Pfc. Curran served with Company B, 314th Infantry Regiment during his entire time in service from 27 May 1918 until 31 May 1919. He arrived in France on 7 July 1918 and fought in the engagements at Sector 304, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and at Grand Montagne. On the first day of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, the 314th Infantry Regiment led the attack on Montfaucon with the 315th Infantry Regiment. They jumped off at 5:30 AM and bypassing the ruins of Malancourt at 7:30. The advanced had been covered by heavy fog, but by 9 Am the fog had lifted giving the Germans clear fields of fire on the U.S. infantry who had bunched together in the fog. The 314th Infantry was pinned down for 5 hours a half-mile north of Malancourt. They tried to move forward again at 2 PM but were quickly beat back with heavy casualties. The weakened American infantry attacked again the next morning at 4 AM and slowly advanced as the Germans were forced to withdrawal along the entire defensive line to avoid being outflanked by other American units. During the entire advance, the 314th was constantly shelled by German artillery. During the night of 27 September, the 315th Infantry Regiment passed through the 314th to lead the next attacks. The 314th continued to be shelled as the entire 79th Infantry Division was destroyed by the 29th. It was on this day that Pfc. Curran was wounded by shrapnel to this left hand.
He received his Purple Heart on 28 January 1942. He died in 1962 and is buried at the St. Edward's Cemetery, Shamokin, Pennsylvania.
Pfc. Joseph Curran
Pfc. Curran's grave marker at St. Edwards Cemetery, Shamokin, Pennsylvania. (Photo courtesy of John Haile.)
1st Sgt. Curtis' Silver Star, Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|1st Sgt. Clyde O. Curtis, 43092, Company G, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in action on 21 July 1918 near Soissons, France. Born on 2 March 1881, he entered the service from Stella, Nebraska.|
During World War I, 1st Sgt. Curtis received the Distinguished Service Cross for bravery in action. His citation reads, "For extraordinary heroism in action while serving with Company G, 16th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division, A.E.F., south of Soissons, France, July 18, 1918. Leading his platoon against an enemy battery in the face of direct fire, Sergeant Curtis personally killed the gunner, and, with the aid of his men, either killed or wounded the entire crew, thus preventing further casualties on his troops." (General Order 44, War Department, 1919)
He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross by the War Department C.C. Number 44 of 1919. He was cited for the Silver Star in a citation for gallantry in General Order #5, 1st Infantry, 1919. He received the Silver Star Medal on 22 March 1939. He received the Purple Heart medal on 22 March 1939.
He died on 17 July 1958 and is buried at the Fort Leavenworth National Cemetery, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.
1st Sgt. Curtis' headstone at Ft. Leavenworth National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Cheryl Behrend.)
Wag. Danforth's Purple Heart.
|Wagoner Alfred V. Danforth, 205096, Wagoner, Company D, 101st Ammunition Train, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 25 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Campaign near Verdun, France with a "slight gas" wound. Born on 19 October 1899, he entered the service with the Vermont National Guard on 31 July 1917 from Vergennes, Vermont. |
Wagoner Danforth recovered from a bought with the measles in September and sailed with his unit on 3 October 1917. They arrived in France on 17 October. He served in multiple campaigns including Aisne, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne campaigns. He was wounded by a gas attack on 25 October 1918 and suffered from lung problems for years to come. He was discharged from the Army on 23 April 1919.
He received his Purple Heart on 24 August 1932. He died on 22 April 1964 in Greenhills, Ohio at the age of 64 and is buried at the Oak Hill Cemetery, Glendale, Ohio.
His son, Gordon E. Danforth, graduated Number 1 in his class at West Point in 1951.
Wag. Danforth's headstone at Oak Hill Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Findagrave.com.)
Pfc. Degutis' Purple Heart, Victory Medal and Pennsylvania WWI Service Medal.
|Pfc. Andrew H. Degutis, 1257121, Company A, 108th Machine Gun Battalion, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 30 July and 7 October 1918 in France. Born on 18 August 1898, he entered the service on 16 June 1917 from Scranton, Pennsylvania.|
Pfc. Degutis began his military career in the Pennsylvania National Guard on 16 June 1917. He was originally assigned to Company B, 13th Infantry Regiment. He was federalized on 12 February 1918 and served in Company A, 108th Machine Gun Battalion, 28th Infantry Division until 26 May 1919.
During that time, he fought in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, 5th German Offensive, and Vesle River, according to his Veteran's Compensation Application. He reports being wounded by shrapnel on 31 July 1918 and by gas on 4 October 1918 although official reports record him as wounded slightly by shrapnel on 30 July and severely with "shell shock" on 7 October.
Pfc. Degutis received his Purple Heart on 21 August 1939 only for his wounds from 30 July 1918. He died on 13 June 1991 at the age of 92 while living in Toledo, Ohio.
Pfc. Devio's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Alexander L. Devio, 64065, Company C, 102nd Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 20 April 1918 during the Battle of Seicheprey on the St. Mihiel Salient. Born on 16 July 1897 in Auburn, Massachusetts, he entered the service on 20 July 1917 from East Hampton, Connecticut.|
Pfc. Devio originally joined the Connecticut National Guard before the unit was federalized and made part of the 26th Infantry Division. He was wounded in the left leg during the Battle of Seicheprey, which is one of the first large battles of World War I involving US troops.
On 20 April 1918, the German attacked the the green 102nd Infantry Regiment using a box barrage and an initial assault by Storm troopers to overwhelm the Americans. Up to 3200 Germans took part in the assault, using flamethrowers, trench knives and even clubs in the initial wave of the assault. The Americans were pushed back and the fighting dissolved to hand to hand combat with every remaining personnel of the 102nd involved. Fighting was so brutal that reports indicate that a cook from the 102nd killed two Germans with his meat cleaver. In the end, the Germans pulled back form their raid, leaving American casualties strewn around the battlefield. The Americans lost approximately 200 killed, 600 wounded and 150 missing.
Pvt. Devio was wounded in his left leg during the battle. It is not know if he ever returned to the front line, but he was discharged on 30 January 1919 as 75% disabled and he later wrote that his left leg remained "stiff."
After the war, Pfc. Devio married on 30 July 1921 and worked as a farmer. He died on 8 July 1958 and is buried at St. Patricks Cemetery, East Hampton, Connecticut. His head stone reads that he was 59 at the time of his death which would mean that Pvt. Devio lied about his age to enter the National Guard at the age of 17.
Pfc. Devio in a post-war photo he submitted to the Connecticut State Archives.
(Photo courtesy of Ancestery.com.)
Pfc. Devio's headstone at the St. Patricks Cemetery in East Hampton, Connecticut.
(Photo courtesy of Pat and Billy, www.findagrave.com.)
Pvt. Donnelly's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. John E. Donnelly, 2941092, Headquarters Company, 310th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 17 September 1918 during the St. Mihiel Campaign. Born on 17 January 1892, he entered the service on 27 April 1918 from Providence, Rhode Island. |
Pvt. Donnelly served in the 2nd Company of the 153rd Depot Brigade until he was assigned to his infantry unit in France, where he served until he was discharged. He fought in the battles of the Argonne, Toul, Flanders and Thiacourt. He is listed as having been severely wounded on 17 September 1918. He recovered from his wound in Europe and returned to the United States on 6 January 1919. He was discharged from the Army on 13 March 1919 and returned to Providence where he worked as a carpenter.
He was awarded his Purple Heart on 11 January 1933. He died on 20 May 1956 at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Providence of lip cancer at the age of 64. He is buried at the St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
Pvt. Donnelly's headstone at St. Francis Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of James Loffler.)
Corp. Gast's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Corp. Roy W. Gast, 1720332, 305th Ambulance Company, 302nd Ambulance Train, 77th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 29 May 1918 by gas in France. Born on 6 December 1894, he entered the service on 20 August 1917 from Lock Haven, Pennsylvania. |
Corp. Gast arrived in France on 1 April 1918 and fought at the Vesle River, Aisne and Meuse-Argonne engagements during the war. He arrived back in the United States on 6 May 1919 and was discharged from the Army on 13 June 1919 from U.S. General Hospital #24, Parkview Branch, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.
By 1934, he was living in Sebring, Florida and was married with a daughter.
He received his Purple Heart on 27 April 1938. He died on 31 July 1963 at the age of 68 and is buried at the Pinecrest Cemetery, Sebring, Florida.
Corp. Gast's grave at Pinecrest Cemetery, Sebring, Florida. (Photo courtesy of Grace Younglove Hudson.)
Pfc. Gingrich's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Harry (F.) Gingrich, 284824, Company M, 28th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 18 July 1918 in France. Born on 20 October 1920, he entered the service from Flanagan, Illinois. |
According to a 1943 newspaper article on Harry Gingrich, he fought in engagements at Ausaville, Aisne-Marne, Montdidier-Noyon, Cantigny, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. It also reports that he was wounded at Soissons by machine gun fire and gassed in the Argonne and that he received the Croix de Guerre, Verdun Medal and Victory Medal with 5 claps in addition to his Purple Heart and two Silver Star medals.
One Silver Star medal was awarded "for gallantry in action near Cantigny, France, May 26-31, 1918 while maintaining an outpost during a heavy enemy bombardment."
He received his Purple Heart on 13 May 1941 and apparently did not use his middle initial, as his Purple Heart and the A.G.O. Card registering the award of the medal list his name as "Harry Gingrich." His Silver Star and Oak Leaf Cluster were issued on 5 May 1941.
Following the war, he moved to Lafayette, Indiana and became commander of Post 1154 of the VFW.
Pfc. Gingrich died on 14 May 1966 in Lafayette, Indiana at age 79. He is buried at the Rest Haven Memorial Park, Lafayette, Indiana.
Harry Gingrich in a 1943 newspaper photo from Indianapolis Star, 28 Nov. 1943.
Pfc. Gingrich's grave at Rest Haven Memorial Park, Lafayette, Indiana.
(Photo courtesy of P. Tyrie.)
|Pfc. Glasgow's Purple Heart.||Pvt. Thomas J. Glasgow, 1235553, Company C, 109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 30 July 1918 in France. Born on 12 November 1896, he entered the service as a member of the Pennsylvania National Guard on 22 November 1915 from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at 19 years old.|
Prior to serving in France, Pvt. Glasgow served on the Mexican Border from 30 June to 23 October 1916. He was federalized again for service in World War I on 28 March 1917 and arrived overseas in May 1918. He served in the 2nd Battle of the Marne and at Chateau Thierry. He was wounded by high explosives, probably an artillery shell, on 28 or 30 July 1918. Most records state that he was wounded on 30 July but a few list the 28th. He was discharged on 31 March 1919 from Ft. Dix, New Jersey.
He received his Purple Heart on 7 June 1932. He also received the Pennsylvania Mexican Border Service Medal, serial #1894.
He died on 18 January 1980 at the age of 83 and is buried at the North Cedar Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Section Q, Lot 521, Grave 2.
Pfc. Thomas J. Glasgow.
Pvt. Graziani's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Andy Graziani, 541837, Company F, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 15 July 1918 on the Marne River during the first day of the Second Battle of the Marne. Born on 9 December 1894 in Italy, he entered the service on 30 June 1917 from Jenkintown, Pennsylvania. |
Pvt. Graziani was a member of several units in his military career, primarilly in the 3rd Infantry Division. He was originally assigned to Company F, 4th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division, when he enlisted on 30 June 1917. He served in that unit until December 1917, when he was assigned to Company F, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. As a member of the 7th Infantry Regiment, he participated in engagements at Chateau Thierry, Bellewood, and St. Mihiel. On 20 September 1918, he was assigned to Company H, 353rd Infantry Regiment, 89th Infantry Division and participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
Pvt. Graziani was wounded severely on 15 July 1918 during the first day of the Second Battle of the Marne. The Germans launched an offensive on that day attempting to cross the Marne River and forcing the 3rd Infantry Division's positions. This battle earned the division it's famous nickname "The Rock of the Marne."
He was discharged from the Army on 12 July 1919. He received his Purple Heart on 6 October 1932.
Capt. Hanley's Purple Heart.
|Capt. John F. Hanley, Advanced Ordnance Depot No. 1, Ordnance Department. Awarded the Purple Heart Medal for receiving the Meritorious Service Citation Certificate (MSCC). Born on 5 July 1887 in Monson, Massachusetts, he entered the service on 16 July 1908 from Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. |
Little information has been found about Capt. Hanley first period of service in the Army. He served from 16 July 1908 till 20 June 1914 when it appears he was commissioned as an officer, but this is not certain. He did serve as a 1st Lt. in the Ordnance Corps in 1917 till at least July 1918 before being promoted to Capt.
Capt. Hanley received the MSCC on 7 May 1919 "for services in connection with the repair and maintenance of machine gun and automatic arms." He received his Purple Heart on 5 December 1933.
Following the war, Capt. Hanley remained in the Army, transferring to the Infantry in the 1920s. He served in San Antoinio, Texas, Washington DC and at Ft. Bliss, Texas before retiring on 30 June 1939.
He died on 27 November 1971 in Sarasota, Florida. His headstone at Arlington National Cemetery has incorrect information about his birth date.
Capt. (later Major) Hanley's headstone at Arlington National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of John Evans.)
Cpl. Harkins' Silver Star Medal, Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Cpl. Elmer A. Harkins, 125914, Battery C, 6th Field Artillery, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action by gas on 1 April 1918. Born on 21 February 1898 in Missouri, he entered the service on 15 May 1917 from St. Louis, Missouri. |
Corp. Harkins joined Battery C, 6th Field Artillery later in 1917 at Douglas, Arizona. He sailed to St. Nazaire, France with his regiment on 31 July 1917, from Hoboken, New Jersey, aboard the transport ship Henry R. Mallory. All did not go well for then Pvt. Harkins as he was AWOL (Absent Without Leave) on 9 - 10 September 1917, which cost him 2/3 pay per month for three months.
In October 1917, the 1st Division entered the Sommerviller Sector of the line near Lorraine. Battery C was emplaced near Bathlemont-les-Bauzement, with one gun in action on the morning of 23 October 1917. At 6:05 A.M., Battery C was given permission to fire, and the first shot of World War I by American troops roared into the German positions. Pvt. Harkins was not in the section which fired the first shot of the war.
On 22 January 1918, Battery C went into positions a kilometer right of Mandres. On 23 January, the unit was subjected to its first gas attack. During the period between 5 - 10 March, 1918, all batteries were hit with vicious gas attacks, with all of Battery D being hospitalized. Pvt. Harkins was listed as being "Gassed in Action" with no exact date given in some records. Pvt. Harkins was gassed on 1 April 1918.
Pvt. Harkins was promoted to Corporal in September 1918 and was dropped from the Regimental roster on 4 May 1919.
Cpl. Harkins received his Purple Heart on 21 June 1933. He also received the Silver Star and French Fourragere for his service in France. He died in June 1970 in Chicago, Illinois. He was 72 years old.
Pvt. Henderson's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. Andrew J. Henderson, 3168389, Company F, 111th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 5 October 1918. Born on 26 April 1893, he entered the service from Mannington, West Virginia on 26 May 1918 and was discharged on 25 February 1919. |
Pvt. Henderson took part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive only 4 months after being inducted into the Army. This was not uncommon, as many soldiers arrived at the front without the knowledge to fire their rifles. The 28th Infantry Division launched an attack on the first day of the Offensive on 26 September 1918. The 110th and 111th Infantry Regiments led the attack moving behind a rolling artillery barrage. The early morning attack soon bogged down near the village of Varennes because of heavy German machinegun fire, but regrouped and moved forward, like the veteran unit they were, to capture the village by noon, but soon ran into trouble at the defense of Montfaucon. On 27 September, the division's left, consisting of the 111th and 112th Regiments, entered the misty woodlands of the Argonne. German machineguns fired through the fog and cut down the American infantry, who could not locate the German positions. The Doughboys withdrew to their original positions by nightfall. Little progress was made by the 111th Regiment on 28 -29 September as German machineguns raked the field back and forth inflicting a huge number of casualties. They were able to capture the Le Chene Tondu Ridge after a rare night attack on 29 September. With the Doughboys not holding the crest of the ridge, the Germans attacked in division strength on 1 October, trying to push the Americans back down the ridge's steep slopes. The Doughboys waited until the Germans had closed to within 25 yards before opening fire onto the Germans. To make matters worse for the Germans, their own supporting artillery fire fell short and crashed in their own troops.
Following the German attack of the 1st and into 2 October, the 111th Infantry Regiment repeatedly tried to capture the crest of the Le Chene Tondu Ridge. Over and over they attacked over the ridge only to be pushed back to the same positions they had held since 28 September. German fire continued to rake the American lines, as bullets snapped all around the Americans forcing them to stay on the ground during daylight hours. The 28th Infantry Division took 2,916 casualties on 1 and 2 October. All four infantry regiments of the 28th Infantry Division tried to attack the ridge again on 4 October, but the soldiers of the 111th and 112th Regiments had suffered to much and didn't even get out of their foxholes. The 111th Regiment stayed in their position on 5 October, but Pvt. Henderson still suffered a wound on that day, testimony to the constant and dangerous fire that hit the Americans in their defensive positions.
He received his Purple Heart on 31 January 1936. He died on 15 July 1966 and is buried at the Glady Creek Cemetery in Marion County, West Virginia.
Pvt. Henderson's headstone at Glady Creek Cemetery, Marion County, West Virginia.
(Photo courtesy of G. Hays.)
Pvt. Hurley's Purple Heart, Victory Medal and Fitchburg, MA Victory Medal.
Pvt. Hurley's Columbia Accolade.
Pvt. Hurley's World War I uniform.
|Pvt. William F. Hurley, 71913, Company D, 104th Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 22 July 1918 in the Pas Finis Sector, France. Born on 22 September 1895 in Hinsdale, Massachusetts, he enlisted in the Massachusetts National Guard on 1 May 1916 at Fitchburg, Massachusetts. He was 20 years old when he joined the Army, and had worked as a Beamer as a civilian. |
He fought in the following engagements: Chemens des Dames Sector, 8 February - 20 March 1918; Toul Sector, 1 April - 14 June 1918; Toul Sector (Bois Brule Offensive) 10 - 14 April 1918; Marne Salient (Pas Finis Sector), 4 July - 1 August 1918; Aisne Marne Offensive, 18 - 23 July 1918. He was discharged from the Army on 28 April 1919.
A letter he wrote to his mother while in hospital was published in the 16 November 1918 edition of the Fitchburg Sentinel newspaper. In the letter he spoke of being gassed which caused him to stay at the hospital for two weeks and the joys of being between clean white sheets and on a soft feather bed.
William Hurley lived in Fitchburg, Massachusetts for 60 years and worked at the Crocker Burbank Company until he retired in 1961.
The photograph on the right shows Pvt. Hurley taking part in a parade in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. This parade takes place after 1935 as he is wearing his Purple Heart on his uniform. The photo on the bottom right is Pvt. Hurley's tunic. The photo on the bottom left is the Columbia Accolade issued to Pvt. Hurley for his wounds. This document was issued to soldiers who were wounded or killed in World War I.
He received his Purple Heart on 17 May 1935. He died on 21 December 1963 in Fitchburg, Massachusetts. He was buried at St. Bernard's Cemetery in Fitchburg.
William Hurley on a parade float in Fitchburg, MA.
Pvt. William Hurley from a 1918 newspaper article.
(From Fitchburg Sentinel, Fitchburg, Massachusetts, 16 November 1918.)
Pvt. Hurley's headstone at St. Bernard's Cemetery, Fitchburg, Massachusetts.
(Photo courtesy of Bill Boubeau.)
Irving's Purple Heart with large Oak Leaf Cluster, Victory Medal and State of New York Victory Medal.
|Pvt. Arthur H. Irving, 1711544, Company B, 306th Machine Gun Battalion, 77th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 16 April 1918 and on 14 September 1918. Born on 30 October 1888, he entered the service from Brooklyn, New York on 5 December 1917. He served in the Army until 9 May 1919.|
He lived on 291 Wythe Ave, Brooklyn, New York.
He received his Purple Heart and Oak Leaf Cluster on 10 May 1933.
He died on 28 September 1935 and is buried at the Evergreen Cemetery, Long Island, New York.
Pvt. Jones' Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. Hugh F. Jones, 3109840, Company E, 315th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry Division. Wounded in action at 10:30 AM on 11 November 1918 in France. Born on 12 December 1888 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he entered the service on 25 May 1918. He served in the Army until 1 April 1919. |
Pvt. Jones fought in the Meuse Argonne Offensive from 28 October to 11 November 1918 , where he was wounded by gun fire and shrapnel only 30 minutes before the end of World War I. He also served at the Second Battle of Verdun from 26 - 30 September 1918 and in the Defensive Sectors of Ovocourt and Troyon.
He received his Purple Heart on 18 February 1937.
He died on 31 December 1966 in St. Petersburg, Florida, at the age of 78. He is buried at the Andersonville National Cemetery, Andersonville, Georgia.
Pvt. Jones' headstone at Andersonville National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Kevin Frey.)
Capt. Joy's medals.
Engraving on Capt. Joy's Purple Heart and CT National Guard 20 Year Long Service Medals.
|Capt. Edward J. Joy, 595005, Company E, 4th Infantry, Connecticut National Guard, and Regimental Sergeant-Major, HQ Company, 57th Coastal Artillery Regiment during World War I. Wounded in Action on 26 September 1918 in France. Born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, he served in the National Guard from 13 May 1891 and Regular Army during World War I. |
Capt. Joy began his military career in 1891 when he joined the Connecticut National Guard as a Private. In December 1893, he received his commission as a 2nd Lt., and rose to the rank of Capt. in February 1900. He lead Company E, 4th Infantry in the Connecticut National Guard until World War I, when he assumed the rank of Regimental Sergeant-Major in the 57th Coastal Artillery Regiment. Sgt.-Major Joy was the first member of the regiment to be wounded in World War I, seeing action in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns. After the war, he resumed the rank of Capt. in the National Guard and was assigned as the commander of Company B, 4th Infantry.
Upon retirement from the National Guard, Capt. Joy served in the Bridgeport Draft Board in World War II and was a president of the Putnam Chapter of the Order of the Purple Heart.
He received his Purple Heart on 27 February 1933.
He died in October 1947 at the age of 72. He is buried at St. Michael's Cemetery, Bridgeport, Connecticut.
Edward Joy in a 1949 newspaper photo.
Capt. Joy's grave at St. Michael's Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Lisa Maturo Bauer.)
Pfc. Kagan's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Joseph Kagan, 1734732, Medical Detachment, 306th Field Artillery, 77th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 23 August 1918 at Chery-Chartreuve, France. Born on 26 September 1886 in Vilna, Russia, he entered the service on 9 December 1917 from New York City, New York. |
Pfc. Kagan was wounded during the Vesle-Aisne Campaign. The 306th Field Artillery moved into the line at the middle of August 1918. Incoming artillery and gas hit the battalion every day. On the night of 20 August, 40 men form Battery F were badly gassed, with equally heavy artillery casualties suffered on the nights of 22, 23 and 24 August. It was probably during the barrage of 23 August that Pfc. Kagan was wounded. He was evacuated to the Base Hospital and did not return to duty.
He received his Purple Heart on 13 March 1936. He lived at 103 West 114th Street, New York, New York. He died in July 1968 at the age of 81.
Pvt. Kragle's Purple Heart, Victory Medal, State of Missouri Victory Medal, French Croix de Guerre and French Military Medal.
Pvt. Kragle's framed Croix de Guerre Award Document.
Letter to Pvt. Kragle dated 18 February 1928 enclosed with his French Croix de Guerre Award Diploma.
|Pvt. Darwin P. Kragle, 645197, Company I, 18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 14 November 1917. Born on 1 December 1899, he entered the service on 9 April 1917 from Saint James, Missouri. |
According to an article in The Sun newspaper (New York) on 2 October 1918 (page 14) Pvt. Kragle was severely wounded while holding a pill box listen post 60 yards in front of the Allied lines for 25 hours. Pvt. Kragle and two other American soldiers, manned a machine gun for two days while under attack. With both comrades killed during the night of the 13th, Pvt. Kragle continued to man his position before Allied troops finally retook his position during the evening of 14 November. Pvt. Kragle's had a total of 8 wounds including a shattered left eye, split nose and a broken and bleeding left arm. According to the newspaper report, French Colonel De Mallot, who was with Kragle's Captain, pinned the French Croix de Guerre to his chest on the spot.
Pvt. Kragle's unit served with the French 77th Infantry Division where he was awarded the French Croix de Guerre Medal with Bronze Star for Valor on 14 November 1917 under Order No. 228.
He received his Purple Heart on 13 February 1933.
He died on 11 October 1955 in Orange County, Florida. He is buried at Palm Cemetery, Winter Park, Florida.
Post-War portrait of Pvt. Kragle.
Darwin Kragle in a 1924 Yearbook photo at the Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York.
Pvt. Kragle's headstone at Palm Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Lisa Redditt.)
Corp. LaBarre's Purple Heart medal.
|Corp. Alfred L. LaBarre, 1749335, Company D, 309th Infantry Regiment 78th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 19 October 1918 in France. Born on 18 July 1892, he entered the service from Grafton, New Hampshire. |
Corp. Labarre served in the St, Mihiel Offensive, "Limey Sector," and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Corp. LaBarre was wounded on 19 October 1918. On this day, the 1st Battalion of the 309th Infantry Regiment twice attacked into the woods at Bois des Loges, France with heavy losses. The area was heavily defended by German machinegun nests and was pounded by German artillery, mortars and gas. The fighting dissolved into small groups, often fighting alone. Casualties were so heavy, that companies were often commanded by sergeants.
Originally born in Massachusetts, Alfred LaBarre, moved back to Massachusetts following the war before finally retiring to Palm Beach, Florida.
He received his Purple Heart on 2 February 1933.
He died in 3 August 1966. He 74 years old.
Corp. Laborda's Purple Heart, Victory Medal, Pennsylvania World War I Service Medal and American Legion Medal.
|Corp. John Laborda, 1235165, Company A, 109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 23 September 1918 on the west end of the Argonne Forest, France. Born on 26 April 1898, he entered the service as a member of the Pennsylvania National Guard on 14 April 1917 from Scranton, Pennsylvania at the age of 22.|
Then Pvt. Laborda served overseas from 14 April 1917. He was promoted to Corporal on 18 September 1918 and served in at Chateau Thierry (during the Champagne-Marne Campaign) and in the Meuse-Argonne Campaign. Corp. Laborda was wounded in his right leg by a gun shot on 23 September 1918, three days before the beginning of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. He returned to the United States in February 1919 to continue his recuperation. and was honorably discharged on 30 April 1919 from Carlisle, Pennsylvania as part of the Detachment of Patients of U.S. Army General Hospital #31.
He died on 25 May 1977 in Scranton, Pennsylvania. at the age of 79. He was awarded his Purple Heart on 10 October 1932.
Mess Sgt. Ladd's Purple Heart.
|Mess Sgt. George D. Ladd, 1284505, Company D, 115th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 27 October 1918. Born on 4 April 1878 in Boston, Massachusetts, he served in the Maryland National Guard before being called to Active Duty. |
Sgt. Ladd served as a 1st Sgt. and Mess Sgt. during his career. He served overseas from 15 June 1918 until 24 May 1919. He was honorably discharged on 6 June 1919.
He died on 15 March 1945 and is buried at the Lorraine Park Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland (Sec. 8; Lot 395). He was 62 years old.
Pfc. Lantz's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Ray I. Lantz, 2854295, HQ Company, 357th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 27 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 26 September 1893, he entered the service on 29 April 1918 from Mason City, Iowa.|
Pfc. Lantz had previously served in the Iowa National Guard from 1916. He was discharged from the army on 11 February 1919.
He died on 23 October 1973. He is buried at the Elmwood Saint Joseph Cemetery in Mason City, Iowa.
Pfc. Ray Lantz in uniform with wound stripe.
(Photo courtesy of Ancestory.com.)
Post-war photo of Ray Lantz.
(Photo courtesy of Ancestory.com.)
Pvt. Lantz's grave at the Elmwood Saint Joseph Cemetery, Mason City, Iowa.
(Photo courtesy of Joan Edmonson.)
Pvt. Ledbetter's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Alva Ledbetter, 1447897, Company C, 137th Infantry Regiment, 35th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 28 September 1918. Born in 23 September 1897 in Indian Territory, Arkansas, he entered the service on 8 April 1917 from Great Bend, Kansas. |
Pvt. Ledbetter was wounded on 28 September 1918 by a high explosive shell wound to his right forearm. The wound was serious enough that it later became infected and he spent many months in the hospital. It is unknown if he ever returned to duty in France, but he was transferred back to the United States and he was immediately admitted into Hospital #3 in New York. From there he was sent to the Ft. Riley, Kansas Base Hospital on 14 March 1919, where he remained for four months before being transferred to US General Hospital #26 in Des Moines, Iowa, where he remained for an unknown length of time. His records from the Fort Riley indicate that he had an infection in his right arm which had become septic and developed arthritis. He was discharged from the Army on 11 October 1919 at General Hospital #26 in Iowa. According to a newspaper article from 16 June 1919, in the Great Bend Tribune (Great Bend, Kansas), his right arm had to be amputated just above the elbow following complications from the mumps and measles while at Ft. Dodge.
Following his discharge, Alva married in 1922 and moved to California before 1930.
He received his Purple heart on 25 October 1932. He died on 11 December 1942 in San Luis Obispo, California at the age of 45. He is buried at the International Order of Odd Fellows Cemetery, San Luis Obispo, California.
Pvt. Ledbetter's headstone at the IOOF Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of the San Luis Obispo Genealogical Society.)
Pvt. Leeright's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Worth R. Leeright, Company A, 127th Infantry Regiment, 64th Brigade, 32nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 17 June 1918 with a gun shot wound to the upper right arm while on the Alsace Sector, France. Born on 10 February 1896, he entered the service on 3 October 1917 from Rupert, Idaho. |
According to records, Pvt. Leeright was wounded on 17 June 1918. He would have been one of the first 16 casualties of Company A during World War I.
He was discharged from the Army on 18 August 1919. Following the war, he moved to Kirkland, Washington where he worked as a Mail Carrier.
He received his Purple Heart on 7 August 1940. He died on 1 April 1984 at the age of 88 years old. He is buried at Sunset Hills Memorial Park Cemetery, Bellevue, Washington.
Pvt. Leeright's headstone at Sunset Hill Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Mary D.)
Pvt. Lyons' Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. John W. Lyons, 2197266, Company B, 353rd Infantry, 89th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 22 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 24 November 1888 in Brooklyn, New York, he enlisted in the Army on 26 April 1918 in Kansas City, Kansas. He was 29 years old when he joined the Army and had worked as a Steam Engineer as a civilian. |
He was wounded by Mustard Gas on 22 October 1918 and was admitted to the hospital on 28 October 1918. He had participated in the St. Mihiel Offensive from 12 September 1918 to 10 October 1918 and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive from 10 October 1918 until he was wounded.
The 89th Infantry moved into the line on 19 October to replace the U.S. 32nd Infantry Division during the third phase of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. They were given orders to "mop up" the woods of Bois de Bantheville, but found the woods held in force by the Germans. They attacked Hill 253 on 20 October and continued to find Germans throughout the woods. The Germans launched gas attacks all throughout the night of 21 - 22 October and infiltrated back into the woods each night to fire into the flanks and rear of the Americans. Pvt. Lyons was gassed during the 21 - 22 October attacks. The 89th Division suffered 1500 casualties in the woods of Bois de Bantheville.
He died in Kansas City, Kansas. He received his Purple Heart on 26 April 1934.
Pvt. Makar's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. John Makar, 155267, Company C, 1st Engineers, 1st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 22 July 1918. Born in Poland/Russia on 14 November 1894, he enlisted on 29 June 1917 from Mishawaka, Indiana. |
Pvt. Makar served in the 1st Engineers, 1st Infantry Division. He was reported wounded in action on 22 July 1918, which was the day that the 1st Infantry Division was withdrawn from the line following the Battle at Cantigny, France. It is likely that he was wounded several days before this during the battle.
While it is not known what happened to Pvt. Makar following his wounding, he was discharged on or about 19 February 1919 at Camp Sherman, Ohio. He apparently enlisted for a second time on 7 May 1919 as a member of Co. D, 13th Infantry and served for a year, being discharged on 6 May 1920. His final pay voucher lists his place of residence as Mishawaka, Indiana.
Following the war, he married Lucy Flowers on 4 September 1920 and remained in Mishawaka, Indiana according to the 1930 and 1940 census. He worked in a brake manufacturing plant.
He received his Purple Heart on 25 July 1933.
He died on 13 January 1951.
Pvt. McElhoe's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. Howard McElhoe, 78039, Company B, 127th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 31 July 1918 by gas. Born on 28 May 1893, he entered the service on 3 October 1917 from Hinton, Washington. |
Pvt. McElhoe took part in the 32nd Division's first battles on 30/31 July 1918 during the Second Battle of the Marne in the Aisne-Marne Campaign. On 30 July, the 127th Infantry Regiment went "over the top" and followed a rolling barrage in Bois de Grimpettes. On the morning of 31 July, the Division attacked across the Ourcq Valley toward Hill 212, some of the toughest German defenses on the Ourcq Line. It was during this attack that Pvt. McElhoe was wounded.
He was discharged on 28 May 1919 and received his Purple Heart on 10 May 1933. He died in December 1984 in Seattle, Washington.
Corp. McIntyre's Purple Heart.
|Corp. Fred McIntyre, 2335152, HQ Company, 372nd Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 28 September 1918, near Sechault, France. Born on 31 October 1892 in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, he entered the service on 17 July 1917 from Cincinnati, Ohio.|
Corp. McIntyre served in the racial segregated 372nd Infantry Regiment, 93rd Infantry Division. This division never fought together as a unit, but was divided among French Divisions serving on the front lines of World War I. this is the only time in U.S. history that American troops were officially authorized by the government to serve in the armed forces of another country. The 372nd Infantry Regiment served as part of the French 157th "Red Hand" Division. The 372nd wore American uniforms, but wore a French helmet and carried French weapons.
Corp. McIntyre was wounded during an attack near Sechault, France on 28 September 1918. The 372nd attacked on the very day they moved into the front line and advanced over 4.5 kilometers. It does not appear that he received medical treatment for two days as some records indicate that he was wounded on 30 September.
Corp. McIntyre was discharged from the Army on 27 February 1919. He returned to Cincinnati, Ohio and died on 3 May 1940. He is buried at the Hill Crest Cemetery in Cincinnati. He was 47 years old.
He received his Purple heart on 12 May 1933 and received a duplicate medal on 28 March 1936.
Corp. Fred McIntyre in a 1918 photo.
(Photo courtesy of the National Archives.)
Sgt. McLean's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Sgt. John D. McLean, 2101967, Company K, 58th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 4 August 1918 by a gun shot wound at the Vesle River. Born on 14 March 1893 in Adrian, Minnesota, he entered the federal service on 20 September 1917 at St. Paul, Minnesota. |
John McLean worked at a painter before joining the Army. His first unit was Co. K, 351st Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry Division. On 24 November 1917, he was transferred to Company K, 58th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division where he was promoted to Sergeant on 9 July 1918. He first went into action on 18 July 1918 at Chateau Thierry. Following this battle, he took part in the Battle of Vesle River, where he was wounded by a gun shot on 4 August 1918. He was evacuated from the front following his wounding, where he spent the next several months in various hospitals in Paris and Bordeaux. In October, he returned to his unit to participate in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. He was discharged from the Army on 14 March 1919 at Camp Dodge, Iowa.
He received his Purple Heart on 10 March 1938. He died on 28 June 1956 at the age of 63 in St. Paul, Minnesota. He is buried at St. Peter's Cemetery, Mendota, Minnesota.
Sgt. McLean's headstone at St. Peter's Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Jeff Crafton.)
2nd Lt. Merrill's Purple Heart, Victory Medal, American Legion Medal, Verdun Medal, and collar insignia.
2nd Lt. Merrill's wound tag.
|2nd Lt. Henry M. Merrill, No Serial Number, 3rd Platoon, Company B, 311th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 24 September 1918 near Vielle-en-Haye, France by an artillery shell. Born on 29 April 1895, he entered the service as an R.O.T.C. cadet at Harvard University in 1917. |
Lt. Merrill was remembered as one of the youngest but also the brightest officers in the 311th Infantry Regiment. He had joined the Army as an R.O.T.C. Cadet from Harvard University and attended the officer training course in Plattsburg in 1917. Upon receiving his commission, he was assigned to the 311th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Regiment. He was part of the division's advance party, sailing to France on 9 May 1918. He meet the rest of the unit in France on 8 July 1918.
Lt. Merrill's war ended quickly on 24 September 1918. having taken up positions on the line two days earlier, Lt. Merrill and Company B were holding outpost positions. According to the book, "A History of Company B, 311th Infantry in the Great War," Lt. Merrill and several others were wounded on the night of 24 September when a German shell hit the 3rd Platoon command post. One soldier was killed and Lt. Merrill was severely wounded in his feet and legs. The toes of his left foot were amputated and he was sent home in October 1918 aboard the U.S.S. Madawaska.
Henry Merrill moved back to Massachusetts after the war and died on 16 July 1982 at the age of 87.
He received his Purple Heart on 13 April 1932.
2nd Lt. Henry M. Merrill in a studio portrait.
Pvt. Monteith's Purple Heart.
|Pvt, Frank L. Monteith, 184637, Company B, 101st Engineer Battalion, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 15 July 1918 by gas near Chateau-Thierry, France. Born on 23 April 1894 at Natick, Massachusetts, he entered the service on 30 April 1917 from Boston, Massachusetts. |
Pvt. Monteith was wounded by mustard gas on 15 July 1918 near Chateau-Thierry, France. He was initially at the 104th Field Hospital before being evacuated to Evacuation Hospital #7 on 16 July. According to Pvt. Monteith's Veteran's Compensation Application, he spent the rest of the war in various hospitals recovering from his gassing. His gas injuries may have contributed to his hospitalization for influenza from 9 October to 18 November 1918. Following his hospitalization, he was assigned to Company B, 116th Engineers until his discharge.
He arrived back at Newport News, Virginia on the S.S. Mercury on 19 December 1918 and was discharged from the Army on 6 January 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.
He died on 14 April 1978 at age 83 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
He received his Purple Heart on 6 May 1932. In addition, he was awarded the Victory Medal with Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne and Defensive Sector bars.
Sgt. Moore's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
Sgt. Moore's Columbia Accolade for his wounds in World War I.
|Sgt. Louis B. Moore, 1235663, Company C, 109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 6 September 1918 near the Vesle River, France by a gun shot wound to his left hip. Born on 29 May 1898, he entered the service on 13 April 1917 from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.|
Sgt. Moore initially joined the Pennsylvania National Guard and served in Company C, 1st Pennsylvania Infantry. When federalized, this unit became Company C, 109th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division.
Sgt. Moore participated in multiple battles during the war. He fought at Chateau-Thierry (The 2nd Battle of the Marne) from 15-18 July 1918, Ourcq River from 30-31 July 1918, Fismes from 10-25 August 1918, and Vesle River from 4-6 September 1918. It was on 6 September that Sgt. Moore received a gun shot wound to his left hip, believed to be fired by a sniper. He was promoted to Sergeant on 25 August 1918.
He returned to the United States on 24 December 1918 and was discharged on 8 April 1919.
Following the war, he and his family moved to Hermosa Beach, California. He died there on 25 February 1964.
** Sgt. Moore's son, Louis B. Moore Jr., served in the Marine Corps at the end of WWII and during the Korean War. He was killed in action on 9 October 1951 during the Battle of the Punchbowl in North Korea. His Purple Heart and information is listed in the Korean War section of To Honor Our Fallen.**
Sgt. Louis B. Moore in a pre-war PA National Guard photo.
(Photo courtesy of PA State Archives.)
Capt. Ostrander's Purple Heart, Captain and Lt. Colonel rank insignia, 125th Infantry and U.S. insignia.
|Capt. (later Lt. Col.) John J. Ostrander, O-179800, Company C, 125th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 9 October 1918 in the opening assault on the Kriemhilde Stellung, on the Hindenburg Line, Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 15 January 1890, he entered the service on 4 January 1906 at 15 years old from New York.|
Capt. Ostrander began his military career at the young age of 15 years old, when he lied about his age and joined the New York National Guard. He rose through the ranks over the next nine years, eventually receiving a commission as a 2nd Lt. on 15 August 1915. It is not known when he moved to Detroit, Michigan or when he transferred to the Michigan National Guard, but by the time he enters Federal Service as a 1st Lt. on 1 July 1916, he is living in Detroit.
During World War I, he served in the 125th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division which was made up primarily of Michigan National Guard soldiers. When the 125th Infantry regiment entered combat on 18 May 1918 in Alsace, he was a 1st Lt. Lt. Ostrander served in combat in the Alcase, Aisne-Marne and Oisne-Aisne Campaigns before being promoted to Capt. on 5 September 1918 when the 32nd Infantry Division was removed from the front.
Capt. Ostrander was Commander of Company C when the unit reentered the line for the Meuse-Argonne Offensive on 26 September 1918. He was wounded in action by a gun shot to the right thigh during the initial assault on the German's Hindenburg Line strong point of Kriemhilde Stellung. It is not known how long Capt. Ostander was away from his unit, but the wound did leave a scar that was large enough that he made note of it in his 1942 World War II record.
Following the war, Capt. Ostrander remained in the Michigan National Guard. He was called back into service during World War II, rising to the rank of Lt. Col. before being retired in 1943.
He received his Purple Heart on 11 July 1932 and died on 3 November 1955 while living in San Francisco at the age of 65. He is buried at the Golden Gate National Cemetery in San Bruno, California.
Major Ostrander following World War I.
Lt. Col./ Ostrander during World War II.
Lt. Col. Ostrander's grave at the Golden Gate National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Tom Brocher.)
Lt. Price's Purple Heart.
|2nd Lt. Chester F. Price, O-14391, Company H, 11th Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 21 August 1918 at Frapelle, France where he lost a portion of his right foot. Born on 2 February 1892, he entered the service on 15 January 1915 from Anniston, Alabama as a member of Company C, 2nd Alabama Infantry, Alabama National Guard. |
Following his wounding, Lt. Price returned to Alabama to recover. He is mentioned many times in the Anniston, Alabama newspapers as the first resident of Anniston wounded in the war. He retired from the military on 12 November 1919.
He moved to the Washington DC area in the late 1920's to early 1930's, where he earned a law degree from George Washington University and worked as a lawyer for the Interstate Commerce Commission. In about 1951, he moved to St. Petersburg, Florida.
He received his Purple Heart on 11 February 1936. He died on 11 February 1964 in Pinellas, Florida at age 72.
Lt. Price's Purple Heart and other medals from WWI and WWII.
|1st Lt (then Pvt) Levin M. Price, O-197011 and 1270326, Company A, 115th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division. Wounded on 26 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Campaign in World War I and on 28 October 1943 in Telese, Italy during World War II. Born on 4 May 1899, he entered the service on 27 March 1917 as a member of the Maryland National Guard. |
During World War I, Pvt. Price served in Company A, 115th Infantry Regiment, 29th Infantry Division as an infantryman. He served in active combat for 6 months before taking part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive from 6 to 30 October 1918 where he was gassed on 26 October. He was hospitalized from 18 November 1918 to 17 May 1919 for "being gassed, shell-shock" and other ailments before being discharge from the Army on 19 May 1919.
On 15 August 1942, Price reentered the service as a 1st Lt. in the 525th Military Police unit. He was serving in Telese, Italy when he was severely wounded on when his jeep hit a land mine. He suffered 3 skull fractures, a fractured jaw, lost all of his teeth and was unconscious for 3 days. He was hospitalized for 6 months before being sent back to the U.S. in April 1944. He eventually returned to Germany for Occupation Duty in July 1947 and was finally discharged on 19 November 1948 because of his age.
He received his Purple Heart medal on 7 March 1939.
Lt. Price apparently never recovered fully from his combat experiences and wounds, probably suffering from what is now called PTSD for the rest of his life. He died of a heart attack on 22 December 1958 in Santa Clara, California. He is buried at the Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Francisco, California. He was 59 years old at the time of his death.
Lt. Price's headstone at the Golden Gate National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Gloria Kemp.)
Sgt. Raphael's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Supply Sgt. Harry E. Raphael, 1746172, Company F, 311th Infantry Regiment, 78th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 20 September 1918 in France. Born on 9 December 1892, he entered the service on 6 September 1917 from Flemington, New Jersey.|
Sgt. Raphael was wounded while serving on the "Limey Sector" near the Hindenburg Line. Following his wounding, Sgt. Raphael was assigned to the Company 4, Convalescent Center at Ft. Dix, New Jersey. He was discharged from the Army on 10 March 1919 from this location.
Sgt. Raphael received his Purple Heart on 5 July 1932. He died on 27 August 1971 and is buried at the Salem Jewish Cemetery, Sheffield, Ohio.
Sgt. Raphael's headstone at the Salem Jewish Cemetery, Sheffield, Ohio.
(Photo courtesy of Lori Hynd Martin.)
Sgt. Raphael's government provided headstone.
(Photo courtesy of Bella Rosa.)
Pfc. Ritter's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Clinton P. Ritter, 90893, Company H, 165th Infantry Regiment, 42nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 17 July 1918 when he was gassed. Born on 19 November 1895, he entered the service on 6 June 1917 from Brooklyn, New York as a member of the New York National Guard.|
Pfc. Ritter originally served in Company I, 14th New York Infantry as a member of the New York National Guard. He was federalized on 18 August 1917 when he was transferred to Company H, 165th Infantry Regiment. He arrived overseas on 17 October 1917 and returned to the States on 22 July 1919.
Pfc. Ritter was gassed on 17 July 1918 near St. Hillaire, France during the Second Battle of the Marne, Champagne-Marne Offensive (Some records report he was wounded on 15 July 1918.). He served after the Armistice in Prisoner of War Escort Company #87 until he was sent home. He mustered out of the service on 7 May 1919 at Camp Upton, New York.
Clinton Ritter received his Purple Heart on 12 December 1944. He worked as an accountant in Brooklyn after the war. He married and raised children. He died in June 1966.
Cpl. Rose's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Cpl. Charles Edgar Rose, 2261125, Company D, 128th Infantry Regiment, 32nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 10 November 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. World War I ended the next morning at 1100 hours. He was born on 1 February 1893. |
On 10 November 1918, on the last full day of the war, a battalion of the 128th Infantry regiment attacked across a fog draped field near Peuvillers, France, east of the Meuse. The fog was so heavy that the soldiers could only see a few feet ahead of them. They failed to notice that they were advancing into dense woods until the fog lifted and it was too late. German machinegun fire chopped down the Doughboys. Many of those that survived the hail of bullets laid wounded in the field until after the end of the war at 11 AM the next day.
He received his Purple Heart on 5 August 1939. He died on 21 July 1961 and is buried at the Eastwood IOOF Cemetery, Medford, Oregon.
Cpl. Rose's headstone at Eastwood IOOF Cemetery, Medford, Oregon.
(Photo courtesy of Larry Moore.)
Pvt. Rose's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. William E. Rose, 2249710, Company E. 358th Infantry Regiment, 90th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 12 September 1918 by a machine gun to his left leg. Born on 8 December 1894 in Myrtle, Oklahoma.|
He was wounded in the left leg by a machine gun bullet on 12 September 1918. His obituary reports that he walked with a limp for the rest of his life.
He received his Purple Heart on 13 August 1934 and died on 5 July 1968 in Iron Mountain, Michigan at 73 years old. He is buried at the Elm Grove Cemetery, Washington, Iowa.
Corp. Rowe's Purple Heart and Sons of the American Revolution Medal.
|Corp. Berton M. Rowe, 2382134, Machine Gun Company, 60th Infantry Regiment, 5th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 14 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 10 June 1895, he entered the service on 22 September 1917 from Dorchester, Massachusetts.|
Corp. Rowe was discharged from the Army on 28 July 1919.
He received his Purple Heart medal on 30 March 1934. He died on 23 August 1981 in Pinellas, Florida at the age of 86. He is buried at the Mansion Memorial Park and Funeral Home in Ellenton, Flordia.
Berton Rowe in a post-war photo.
(Photo courtesy of Sheanet1 on Ancestory.com.)
Berton Rowe's headstone at Mansion Memorial Park, Ellenton, Florida.
(Photo courtesy of HNLjr on Findagrave.com.)
Pfc. Scibird's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. Ralph E. Scibird, 2292019, Company G, 362nd Infantry Regiment, 91st Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 30 September 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offenisve. Born on 16 July 1888, he entered the service on 25 April 1918 from Seattle, Washington. |
He received his Purple Heart on 19 April 1939. He died on 23 October 1963 in Seattle, Washington at the age of 75.
Bugler Silva's Purple Heart, Victory Medal and Discharge pin.
|Bugler William O. Silva, 134182, Bugler, Battery F, 101st Field Artillery Battalion, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 15 July 1918. Born on 7 April 1893 in Gloucester, Massachusetts, he joined the Massachusetts National Guard on 27 June 1917. |
Bugler Silva served overseas from 9 September to 10 April 1919. He was "slightly" wounded on 15 July 1918 during the Aisne-Marne Offensive as his division moved through Belleau Wood. In all, he served in the Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns. He was discharged on 29 April 1919.
He received his Purple Heart on 16 May 1932. He died on 6 June 1952 in West Roxbury, Massachusetts.
Bugler William O. Silva.
(Photo courtesy of Massachusetts State Archives.)
Corp. Sheridan's Purple Heart medal, Third Division Association Medal and a 30th Infantry Regiment award from 1923.
|Corp. Frank J. Sheridan, 545936, Company C, 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 15 July 1918 on the Marne River, near Mezy, France on the first day of the Champagne-Marne Defensive. Born on 18 July 1896, he entered the service from New York.|
Corp. Sheridan was wounded on the first day of the Champagne-Marne Defensive, 15 July 1918. Company C, was positioned in front of the main American line in outposts near the banks of the Marne River, just west of Mezy, France. It is not known when during the day that Corp. Sheridan was wounded but the entire day was filled with fierce combat for the 3rd Infantry Division. German artillery fire crashed into the American lines at 12:10 AM and German infantry crossed the Marne on pontoon bridges and boats by 3:00 AM. Fighting ranged in small groups, often at close quarters, amid the artillery and gas shelling yet the 3rd Infantry Division held out. It was on the banks of the Marne that the Division earned it's nickname, "The Rock of the Marne."
It is not known if Corp. Sheridan was evacuated, and if so, when he returned to his unit. He remained in the Army after the war and was still a member of the 30th Infantry Regiment in 1923, when he received a 3rd Place medal for a shooting competition.
Sometime after 1930, he moved with his family to Hollywood, Florida, where he died on 27 July 1960 at the age of 64.
Corp. Frank J. Sheridan.
Pvt. Stocker's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pvt. Gerald F. Stocker, 1215623, Company K, 108th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 16 October 1918. Born in 1 December 1899 in Allentown, Pennsylvania, he joined the New York National Guard on 15 June 1917.|
Pvt. Stocker was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania and later moved to Flushing, New York. He served in the US Army two different times. The first tour was from 15 June 1917 to l2 January 1919, which included his overseas World War I duty. After the war, he served from 12 July 1920 to 30 September 1925. He retired as a Staff Sergeant.
He married Hazel (Laudes) Stocker on 1 January 1921 and worked in the advertising business for the rest of his life.
Pvt. Stocker received his Purple Heart on 20 January 1933. He died on 13 December 1940 at the age of 41. He is buried at the the Fresh Pond Crematory and Columbarium, Middle Village, Queens County, New York.
Pvt. Gerald Stocker.
Pfc. Strine's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Pfc. Arthur G. Strine, 2735176, Company A, 34th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 1 November 1918. Born on 29 May 1896, he entered the service on 15 May 1918 from Le Gore, Maryland. |
Pfc. Strine joined company A, 34th Infantry Regiment on 2 August 1918, serving in the Puvenelle Sector of France. He was slightly wounded on 1 November 1918 and arrived at the hospital on the same day. He was discharged on 18 March 1919.
After the war, Pfc. Strine lived in Frederick, Maryland, where he served as the longtime Chief of the Citizens Truck Company. He owned the Central Garage in Frederick as well.
He received his Purple Heart on 1 September 1932. He died on 26 July 1967 and is buried at Mount Olivet Cemetery, Frederick, Maryland. He was 71 years old.
Pfc. Strine in a 1966 newspaper photo.
(Photo from The News, Frederick, Maryland, 12 May 1966, p. 1.)
Pfc. Stuart's Purple Heart Medal.
|Pfc. Kyle L. Stuart, 4606868, HQ Company, 5th Marine Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division, USMC. Wounded in Action on 4 October 1918 by gas. Born on 13 September 1895, Pfc. Kyle joined the Marine Corps on 7 June 1918 from Laddonia, Missouri.|
Pfc. Stuart spent three months training at Parris Island, South Carolina and Quantico, Virginia before arriving in France on 27 August 1918. He joined Headquarters Company, 5th Marine Regiment on 11 September 1918 and was with them when the 5th Marines entered the line on 2 October 1918 near Sammepy, France. They were given the objective to take the Blanc Mont Ridge, which was the most important German position in the Champagne. Attacking the western edge of the ridge, some Marines called the attack on 3 October "the toughest day of the war." Supported by tanks and artillery, the 2nd Infantry Division took the crest of Blanc Mont in three hours of some of the most terrible fighting of the war. On 4 October, they captured the remainder of the ridge and pushed north to the village of St. Etienne and broke the back of the German defensive system in Champagne. Pfc. Stuart was wounded during a German gas attack on that day. He was not alone. The 5th Marines sustained more casualties on 4 October then on any other day of the war, and by the time the 2nd Infantry Division was withdrawn form the line on 10 October, the division had suffered 4,754 casualties.
Stuart spent nearly a month in hospital before rejoining his unit on 27 October 1918 where he remained until 5 January 1919 when he returned to the hospital with a chronic pulmonary tuberculosis. He recovered in the hospital for until 1 June1919, when he was shipped back to the United States and discharged from the Marine Corps on 24 January 1920.
Pfc. Kyle received his Purple Heart medal on 10 November 1939. He eventually moved to Tunjunga, California where he died on 7 April 1985 at age 89. He is buried at Glen Haven Memorial Park Cemetery, Sylmar, California.
Pfc. Stuart's headstone at Glen Haven Memorial Park Cemetery, Sylmar, California.
(Photo courtesy of Andres Reutman.)
Pvt. Suggs' Purple Heart, World War I Victory Medal and State of Mississippi 4-Year Service Medal.
|Pvt. Leonard E. Suggs, 1591571, Company M, 127th Infantry Regiment, 37th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 5 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 29 July 1898, he entered the service as a member of the Mississippi National Guard on 6 June 1917 from Corinth, Mississippi.|
Pvt Suggs served in Company A, 2nd Mississippi Infantry from induction to 9 November 1917. He then served in Company I, 154th Infantry until 15 September 1918 and finally in Company M, 127th Infantry until he was discharged on 24 May 1919. Pvt. Suggs served overseas from 6 August 1918 to 5 May 1919. He was slightly wounded (cause unknown) on 5 October 1918.
Pvt. Suggs received his Purple Heart on 31 August 1933. He died on 13 July 1981 and is buried at the Indian Creek Cemetery in Chewalla, Tennessee.
Pvt. Suggs' headstone at Indian Creek Cemetery in Chewalla, Tennessee.
(Photo courtesy of Kathy Curle Ward.)
Pfc. Thumm's Purple Heart with oak leaf cluster.
|Pfc. Earnest W. Thumm, 542444, Cook, Company I, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action twice on 15 July 1918 on the Marne River during the first day of the Second Battle of the Marne. Born on 10 July 1894, he entered the service on 17 November 1917 from North Arlington, New Jersey.|
Pfc. Thumm was wounded twice in one day - 15 July 1918. This was the first day of the Second Battle of the Marne, when the German Army attempted to force the Marne River. Some of the fiercest fighting of the battle took place in the front line of the 3rd Infantry Division. It was at this battle, that the 3rd Infantry Division earned their nickname, "The Rock of the Marne."
He was discharged on 24 December 1918 in South Arlington, New Jersey.
Following the war, Earnest gained national notoriety by being sued for $1,000,000 by the husband of a woman with whom he was allegedly having an affair in April 1930. It was reported in multiple newspapers around the country. No report of the case being resolved or any future reference to Earnest Thumm has been located.
He received his Purple Heart with oak leaf cluster on 10 September 1934.
Sgt. Toppel's Purple Heart.
|Sgt. Ernest Toppel, 1113285, Company C, 9th Field Signal Battalion, 5th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action in on 13 and 14 October 1918 in France. Born on 18 February 1896, he entered the service from Cicero, Cook County, Illinois. |
Sgt. Toppel was wounded twice in back to back days in October 1918 while fighting in the Argonne Forest. On 13 October, he was wounded in the back by shrapnel. While making his way back to an aid station, he received another shrapnel wound to his right leg. The wounds caused Sgt. Toppel to spend almost six months in the hospital before he was discharged from the Army. He had surgery to remove additional shell fragments from his chest as late as 27 February 1919 and the wound to his right leg, although minor, did not heal quickly and caused him pain in his foot and ankle for some time afterwards.
Sgt. Toppel received the Silver Star Citation for displaying exceptional bravery as a member of a wire carrying party, who "advanced repeatedly under heavy shell and machine gun fire to open up communications."
Sgt. Toppel was discharged from the Army on 28 April 1919 from General Hospital 32 in Chicago, Illinois. He worked as an electrician before the war and was working as a as a typewriter by 1940.
He died in October 1965. He was awarded the Purple Heart on 28 May 1932.
1st Sgt. Tyler's medals.
The reverse of 1st Sgt. Tyler's Purple Heart and Mexican Border Medal.
|1st Sgt. Maurice W. Tyler, 297348, HQ Company, 119th Field Artillery Battalion, 32nd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 11 October 1918 by shrapnel to the left eye. He entered the service from Detroit, Michigan.|
Sgt. Taylor served in both the Michigan National Guard and in the US Army when his unit was nationalized. He served on the Mexican Border in 1916 as a Sgt. When his unit was nationalized, he served in France as a Corporal in Battery C, 119th Field Artillery, later rising to the rank of Sergeant. Sgt. Taylor claimed to have been wounded twice during World War I: once on 20 August 1918 by gas, and again on 13 October 1918 by shrapnel to his left eye. He was not hospitalized for the gas wound, so no record was ever discovered when he applied for the Purple heart in 1934. He was sent to Hospital #18 in Bazaille, France for the shrapnel wound.
He received the Purple Heart on 31 October 1934.
1st Sgt. Maurice Tyler.
Sgt. Tyler and his father.
Sgt. Tyler (on the left) in Mexico in 1916.
Pvt. Wagenbrenner's Purple Heart.
|Pvt. Henry Wagenbrenner, 74254, Company G, 305th Infantry Regiment, 77th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 1 November 1918. Born on 8 September 1890, he entered the service on 27 February 1918 from Brooklyn, New York. |
He received his Purple Heart on 19 June 1943. He died on 3 June 1951 at the age of 60. He is buried at the Long Island National Cemetery, Framingdale, New York.
Pvt. Wagenbrenner's headstone at the Long Island National Cemetery.
(Photo courtesy of Glenn P.)
Pfc. Warfield's Purple Heart.
|Pfc. George K. Warfield, 367046, Battery E, 11th Field Artillery, 33rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 6 November 1918 near Beafort, France. Born on 30 January 1899, he entered the service on 2 May 1918 from New Haven, Connecticut. |
Pfc. Warfield had previous military experience as a member of Troop A, Connecticut Home Guard Cavalry from 26 March 1917 to 1 May 1918. He enlisted in the regular army on 2 May 1918 after graduating from New Haven High School. He departed for Europe on 13 July 1918 from Hoboken, New Jersey and arrived Liverpool, England on 26 July, finally arriving in Cherbourg, France on 1/2 August.
As a member of the Battery E, 11th Field Artillery, Pvt. Warfield served as a crew member on a 155-mm howitzer. After months of training in the U.S. and in France, the 11th Field Artillery arrived at the front on 22 October 1918, in positions southwest of Romagne, France. They had been transferred to the 33rd Infantry Division to support attacks of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. The attacks eventually lead to a massive Allied breakthrough of the German lines with the 11th Field Artillery racing forward behind the advancing American infantrymen. The roads were so congested and confused that the 11th Field Artillery fragmented and Battery E wound up in front of the American infantry lines east of Beafort, France on 4 November and under heavy German artillery fire.
On 6 November, the battery's four guns were the first to fire on the important German railway hub at Metz-Sedan. They engaged an an artillery duel with a German battery of heavy artillery at a range of only 3,000, effectively silencing the German guns. It was during this fighting that Pfc. Warfield was wounded.
It is not known if Pfc. Warfield remained or had returned to Battery E by 11 November. But at 11AM on 11 November 1918, "Calamity Jane," one of the four 155-mm guns of Battery E, fired the last American shot of World War I.
Pfc. Warfield returned to the States and was discharged on 8 August 1919. He received his Purple Heart on 1 November 1932.
Pfc. Warfield stayed on New Haven, Connecticut, married and worked in Sales. He died on 29 April 1974 at the age of 75. He is buried at Westville Cemetery, New Haven, Connecticut.
Pfc. Warfield's headstone at Westville Cemetery, New Haven, Connecticut.
(Photo courtesy of Son of Italy, www.findagrave.com.)
Sgt. Wenstrom's Purple Heart and Victory Medal.
|Sgt. Gustave E. Wenstrom, 1395199, Company E, 108th Ammunition Train, 33rd Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 2 October 1918 during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 22 December 1893, he entered the service from Chicago, Illinois. |
Sgt. Wenstrom served in the 33rd Infantry Division, a unit made up of members of the Illinois National Guard. During the Muese-Argonne Offensive, the division attacked on the first day of the offensive. They attacked into a corpse filled swamp, near Forge Creek and Bios de Forges, which the French had declared impassable. Fortunately for the Doughboys, the Germans did not think an attack was possible through the swamp either, and the 33rd Infantry Division was one of the few American units to meet their objectives at the beginning of the offensive. Massive traffic jams nearly halted the flow of fresh ammunition, food and the evacuation of the wounded, yet the division was ordered to continue to attack. The traffic jams were so bad that General Pershing, the commander of the American Expeditionary Forces, could not even get through to inspect the front. The endless columns of stopped trucks made easy targets for the Germans who constantly shelled the ammunition trains from the ground and strafed them from the air. Sgt. Wenstrom was wounded on 2 October during one of the endless attacks that made up the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
He received his Purple Heart on 4 May 1945. He died in March 1969 while living in Clearwater, Florida. He was 75 years old.
1st Sgt. Whitman's Purple Heart.
|1st Sgt. William H. Whitman, 61599, Company I, 101st Infantry Regiment, 26th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 20 April 1918 at Seicheprey, France. Born on 4 September 1894, he entered the Massachusetts National Guard on 26 June 1916 from Cambridge, Massachusetts. |
1st Sgt. Whitman was wounded in one of the first engagements for American soldiers in World War I. Early in the morning of 20 April, 1918, German infantry conducting a raid against the newly arrived Americans. The brunt of the attack fell on the US 102nd Infantry Regiment, where fighting resulted in the regimental band and cooks taking part in hand-to-hand combat. Sgt. Whitman was wounded sometime during the attack.
In addition to this battle, Sgt. Whitman also severed in the Champagne-Marne, Aisne-Marne, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne campaigns. He served overseas from 7 September 1917 to 5 April 1919 and was discharged on 28 April 1919.
He received his Purple Heart on 7 November 1932. He died on 23 October 1973 in Haverhill, Massachusetts.
1st Sgt. William H. Whitman.
(Photo courtesy of Massachusetts State Archives.)
Bugler Wilson's Purple Heart, WWI Victory Medal, Pennsylvania Mexican Border Service Medal, Pennsylvania WWI Service Medal, and Huntingdon, PA, Mexican Border Service Medal.
|Bugler James S. Wilson, 1247998, Company F, 112th Infantry Regiment, 28th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 16 July 1918 during the 2nd Battle of the Marne by a gun shot wound to the hip and gas. Born on 11 January 1895, he joined the Pennsylvania National Guard on 12 August 1915 and was from Alexandria, Pennsylvania. |
Pvt. James "Snakey" Wilson served in Company F, 8th Pennsylvania Infantry prior to World War I. During that time, he served on the Mexican Border with his unit starting in July 1916.
During World War I, he served as a Bugler in his newly Federalized unit, Company F, 112th Infantry, 28th Infantry Division. His records have multiple dates for his wounding. They state that he was both shot in the hip and gassed either on 16, 17 or 18 July 1918. At this time, Bugler Wilson, along with the 2nd Battalion of the 112th Infantry, were positioned on the front line at Arrouard les Petits, Noues, Nogentel and Fays Farm. On the night of 14/15 July, German artillery heavily shelled the front lines in preparation for launching their offensive on the 15th. The shelling caused heavy casualties, turning the French villages into "death pockets" according to the 28th Infantry Division's official history. The 112th Infantry held off the German advance all the while under artillery and gas barrages. It was during this time that Bugler Wilson was wounded.
Bugler Wilson was discharged from the Army on 12 January 1919.
He died on 5 January 1957 at age 61 years old. He is buried at the Lind Memorial Cemetery, Lewistown, Pennsylvania.
Bugler James S. Wilson.
Bugler James S. Wilson on the Mexican Border.
(Photo from "Doughboy's Diary" by Chester E. Baker, page 37.)
Sgt. Wynn's Purple Heart.
|Sgt. Joseph P. Wynn, 1783236, Company K, 314th Infantry Regiment, 79th Infantry Division. Wounded in Action on 27 September (location unknown) and 8 November 1918 at Bois de Houppy, west of Crepion, France during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Born on 16 March 1893, he entered the service on 3 November 1917 from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.|
Sgt. Wynn served overseas from 8 July 1918 and claims to have been wounded twice during World War I. He claims he was gassed on 27 September 1918 and wounded by shrapnel on 8 November 1918. While he only received his Purple Heart for his second wound, he served bravely in combat throughout the war with the 314th Infantry Regiment.
Sgt. Wynn was decorated for gallantry in action with a Silver Star Citation (General Order 19, 79th Infantry Division, 8 May 1919) for actions just two days before the end of the war. His citation reads:
"For exceptionally meritorious services in duty of great responsibility, in action. From Nov. 1, to Nov. 8, "18, in Bois de Houppy, west of Crepion, France, Sgt. Wynn, commanded a platoon. Although constantly under harassing fire of the enemy, he disregarded danger to himslef, repeatedly visited all men of his platoon, personally seeing that each man received warm food and took advantage of all available shelter. Sgt. Wynn led his platoon in the advance during the night of Nov. 8th-9th, in a driving storm and was in command of the front line platoon thru the two days attack on Hill 328, near Gibercy, France. Sgt. Wynn was wounded by a fragment of high explosive, but after receiving first aid he rejoined his platoon and took command. His courage and fearlessness set a fine example and helped to maintain the high morale of the men in his platoon."
Upon his return to the States on 26 May 1919, Sgt. Wynn received his discharge on 3 June 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey. Sgt. Wynn never married and worked as a plasterer in Philadelphia.
He received his Purple Heart on 13 July 1932 only for his 27 September 1918 wound. It is not known if he ever applied for a Silver Star medal after 1932.
He died on 10 April 1948 at the age of 55 at the U.S. Naval Hospital in Philadelphia of esophageal cancer. He is buried at the St. Denis Cemetery (aka Oakmont Cemetery), Haverford, Pennsylvania.